Floating concrete slab foundation

The floating concrete slab foundation is a double steel mesh reinforced slab which does not have frost footings. This type of foundation is called a "floating slab" because it "floats" on the soil. That slab type can be used in northern climates without any concrete feet which has to extend deep enough to remain below the frost line in winter.

Here is story how the floating concrete slab foundation was built.

 

plain lot to be build slab foundation project
Thу slab foundation is to be build on a plain lot. Removing the upper soil layer from the lot.
drainage sail drainage
Making the drainage system. Coating the trench with geotextile.
slab gravel bed gravel bed for floating slab foundation
 Putting gravel into the drainage trench.  The drainage trench is ready to remove water under the concrete slab foundation.
floating slab insulation sub slab layers
 The foundation slab normally rests on a bed of crushed gravel to improve drainage. 6-inch layer of gravel lies beneath the slab.  A 2-millimeter sheet of plastic will lie between the concrete and the gravel to keep moisture out.
slab mold and insulation slab reinforcing bars mesh
 The floating concrete slab foundation is adapted with 2" insulation to prevent it from being affected by the frost heaves. Insulation is required under a floating slab only when the space above is heated for a building of residental occupancy.  Installing and reinforsing the wood frame mold. All sub slab layers are shown at the picture. We use poly placed between the floating slab and the ground keeps the water in the newly placed concrete from draining out. This will make the concrete stronger.
casting slab rebars mesh slab rebar mesh
 The slab mold and insulation are installed. It's time to relaх before the big iron work. Slab thickness is 20CM - approx. 7,8"  The reinforcing rods strengthen the slab. Two rebar levels will make a monolite concrete beam-slab. This type of slab does not require frost feet or wall.
foundation slab water cement ratio for slab
 Casting a wire mesh in the concrete reduces the chance of cracking. Installing the first layer of plastic rebar spacers.  Lifting up the upper rebar mesh and installing the second layer of plastic rebar spacers.
concrete pouring shavel work
 The rebar in the bottom of the foundation slab turns the whole slab into a traditional concrete beam. The load from the building above causes tension in the bottom of the slab. Concrete is not strong in tension, but steel is. The rebar in the top of the slab is to resist the inverted loads produced by soft spots in the soil under the foundation slab.  Concrete maximum water/ cementing materials (w/cm) ratio = 0.45 Air content = 5-8%
concrete vibration vibration generator
 Maximum air content in a concrete slab = 5-8%. Use concrete vibration generator to remove the air bubbles from the foundation concrete slab.  The electric powered concrete vibration generator.
concrete watering floating slab foundation
 Water the slab during the first 2-3 days and cover it with a protective film to avoid cracks due to concrete shrinkage.  Minimum 28day compressive strength = 32 MPa. In a month the construction will be going on.

 

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